Effect of nosema on bees and the colony

http://entomology.ucdavis.edu/files/147621.pdf Worker bees who ingest spores before they are a week old do not digest food well, and are not capable of producing brood food. They skip the brood rearing part of their life and become foragers much sooner. Lifespan is reduced 78% according to¬†Eric C. Mussen 2011. Young queens that ingest spores are superseded… Continue reading Effect of nosema on bees and the colony

What documentation is required for importing bees from outside the EU

Only three countries: Argentina, Australia and New Zealand. There must be an original health certificate modeled on ‘model QUE’ (honey bees) as laid out in Commission regulation (EU) 206/2010 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32010R0206&from=en must be issued no more than 24 hours prior to dispatch by relevant authority in country of origin valid for 10 days health cert conditions… Continue reading What documentation is required for importing bees from outside the EU